Modern vehicles rely on several systems and components working together to deliver a comfortable driving experience.
The camber is one such system in automotive engineering that impacts vehicle handling and tire wire.
Proper camber alignment is necessary for vehicles to optimize traction and cornering ability. Here’s everything you need to know about camber.
What Does Camber Mean?
Before we begin, here’s a complete breakdown of what camber actually is.
Camber is basically a term used to describe the vertical angle of a wheel or the suspension system of a vehicle.
Specifically, camber is the measurement of whether the tire is tilted inward or outward relative to the center of the vehicle.
If the top of the tire tilts inwards, it is known as a negative camber. On the other hand, an outward-tilted tire is known as a positive camber.
Does Camber Help With Steering?
Camber stands as an essential factor that impacts both vehicle and tire wear.
If your camber isn’t properly optimized, there it would create a negative impact on your vehicle’s traction and cornering ability.
That’s not all. It also causes uneven tire wear and severe handling issues.
Camber can help with and affect steering in several ways.
For instance, improper camber can result in reduced grip and handling performance, which can affect steering feel and precision.
There are two types of camber that you need to be aware of: positive and negative camber.
Zero camber usually means that you neither have positive or negative camber.
A properly aligned camber helps your vehicle deliver a fast-steering response and additional stability.
That’s especially true when it comes to high-speed cornering. It even provides your tires with a larger contact patch!
How Does Positive Camber Affect Steering?
As mentioned, a positive camber angle is a condition where the top of the wheel tilts outwards from the vehicle’s centerline. A positive camber is a double-edged sword. There are several benefits as well as negative impacts, such as tire wear, of positive camber on steering.
The most notable benefit of having a positive camber is that it increases stability during high-speed cornering.
The reason behind this is simple. It causes the tire to generate more grip.
The additional grip helps drivers handle the vehicle better, especially during high-speed maneuvers.
However, excessive positive camber can also have detrimental effects on your steering.
It can cause the vehicle to pull toward one side of the road. It can even cause excessive and uneven tire wear and even a loss of tire grip. Eventually, it will impact your tire life.
Besides this, excessive positive camber can make your vehicle less responsive and difficult to steer. You’ll feel this resistance at a lower speed.
How Does Negative Camber Effect Steering?
Coming to negative camber, the term is mostly used to describe a situation where the top of the wheel is tilted inward from the vehicle’s centerline.
Similar to positive camber, a negative camber angle has positive and negative effects on your steering.
Negative camber helps you enjoy improved handling and grip during aggressive driving and cornering.
Similar to a positive camber angle, it increases the tire grip and stability of your vehicle during aggressive driving.
The drawbacks of excessive negative camber are numerous.
The most notable drawback includes excessive tire wear, especially on the inner edge of the tire.
Negative camber doesn’t allow your tire to touch the road optimally and this can result in a shorter lifespan.
It also makes it difficult for vehicle owners to steer their vehicles at a higher speed. The car feels much less stable and less precise as you handle the car.
The detrimental impact of negative camber angle on vehicle control can not be underestimated. It can drastically influence tire life and wear.
Castor Vs Camber: What You Need To Know
Camber and castor are both relevant factors that you need to know about. Many people can end up confusing both terms.
But castor and camber are both very different concepts that you need to know about.
As mentioned above, camber refers to the vertical tilt of your tires against your vehicle’s centerline.
If you want to go into the specifics of the concept, camber measures the angle of the wheels relative to the vertical axis.
Caster, on the other hand, refers to the angle of the steering axis compared to the vertical axis of the vehicle. Confused? Don’t be.
The caster basically measures the angle of the steering axis as it intersects with the ground. Similar to camber, there are two types of casters: positive caster and negative caster.
A positive caster is when the steering axis tilts towards the back of the vehicle. A negative caster is when it tilts toward the front of the vehicle.
Similar to a camber, a caster also impacts both the handling and the performance of your vehicle. It impacts how a vehicle steers, the feel, and the stability of the car.
Can Camber Cause Steering Wheels To Shake?
If your steering wheel shakes, your car probably has several different issues. That’s because camber directly cant be the reason behind wheel vibrations. However, it might contribute to the issue.
Steering wheel shake can be caused by several reasons. The most common culprits include tire imbalance, worn or damaged suspension components, and even wheel misalignment.
Camber can contribute to the issue, especially if it has been improperly aligned. It can cause uneven tire wear which would in turn contribute to tire imbalance and steering wheel vibrations.
Camber also contributes to the way your tire interacts with the road surface. Improper camber alignment can impact your vehicle’s stability and cause your steering wheel to shake, especially at higher speeds.
What Happens If You Have Too Much Camber?
Too much of anything can have a detrimental impact on your vehicle. Camber is no different. Excessive camber can cause severe suspension and steering issues.
It can reduce handling and stability. Moreover, it can even make it difficult for you to control your vehicle. if not handled properly, camber can cost you hundreds of dollars in expensive repairs.
Aligning the camber properly is necessary for your car to function and perform optimally.
While positive and negative camber both have several advantages, you need to remember that they can have a detrimental impact on your vehicle.